Mathura is the sacred city for Hindus as it is the birth place of Lord Krishna. It was ruled by Kansa, the Maternal Uncle of Lord Krishna and the capital of the Surasena Kingdom. Surasena were also called as yadavas, the descendant of Yadu, a mythical king and belonged to the lineage of Yaduvamsha. Kans Qila in Mathura is said to be the palace of Kansa which has undergone several changes over the centuries.
One of the tourist attractions is Kans Qila in Mathura which is believed to be the fort of Kansa, the Maternal Uncle of Lord Krishna. Hence, it dates back to the period of the great epic
in 7th century BCE. Kans Qila is situated near Krishna Ganga Ghat and Gau Ghat in Mathura. This fort (qila) was built in a large area which was fenced with a long wall. Over the centuries, the fort got ruined and in the 16th century, it was renovated by Raja Man Singh of Amber who was the general of Mughal Emperor Akbar. The architecture of the fort is the blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture. Later, an observatory was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur who was also a famous astrologer but it does not exist today. In olden times, Kans Qila was believed to be a saviour to protect the people of Mathura against the floods in Yamuna River as it is situated on the northern banks of the river.
The old hall of audience is a stunning and notable building and was divided into three aisles. The hall is situated outside the fort and is made of red stand-stone pillars. The fort was sold to the Government contractor before the mutiny who destroyed it for the materials it contained. After the mutiny, it was converted as a school and its beauty and architecture were all ruined by the rulers then by covering them with mud wall. Today, one can only see the dilapidated fort due to its improper maintenance. It is also called as Old Fort or Purana Qila of Mathura.
Near Kans Qila in Mathura one will also find other famous Ghats like Vasudev Ghat, Brahma Ghat, Vaikuntha Ghat and also the Asikund and Manikarnika Ghat. So don’t miss out on them when you visit Kans Qila.