Kusum Sarovar

Mathura, Uttar Pradesh





Kusum Sarovar, a historical sandstone monument on the holy Govardhan Hill between Govardhan and Radha Kund in District Mathura of Uttar Pradesh, India. Near the monument are the Narada Kund, where Bhakti Sutra verses were written by Narada, and the Sri Radha Vana Bihari Temple.

The principle tomb is 57 square feet in area. On the upper level are three tombs. The main tomb of Raja Suraj Mall has beautiful paintings on its ceiling depicting the pastimes of Krishna and the lotus feet of Krishna engraved on the floor. There are also some paintings of Raja Suraj Mall in his court. The other tombs are those of his two queens, Kishori and Hansiya. There are beautiful paintings on the ceiling of these two tombs. The lofty terrace upon which they stand is 460 feet in length, with a long shallow pavilion serving as a screen at each end, and nine two-stories kiosks of varying outline to relieve the front. Behind is an extensive garden. In front, at the foot of the terrace, below a broad flight of steps, is an artificial lake.


In 1675 earthen pond was constructed properly by Veer Singh ruler of Orcha after which Suraj Mal gave it the form of a garden for his queen Kishori.

The building, with cenotaphs of the Bharatpur royal family, was built by Jawahir Singh, the king of Bharatpur (1707–1763), in honor of his father Raja Suraj Mall in 1764. Members of his family died during the 18th century fighting the British. Afterward, Jawahar Singh considered it as a memento of his parents.

It is named for the Kilakinchita Lila legend about female cow herders (gopis) who picked flowers for offerings to the Sun God, Surya Deva for the nearby Surya Deva Temple and met with Krishna and his friend Madhumangala, who vanish and disguise themselves as priests and accept the flowers and sweets at the temple. Sarovar means lake and kusum means flowers.

It was described by Henry George Keene in 1878, "On every side of the reservoir that fronts it, handsome landing-places run out into the still water with deep and wide staircases between; a venerable banyan tree shades the south side, and sends it pendant shoots towards the water… The spot is singular in its repose, its silence, and its irregular charms."

It is one of the sites of the Krishna forest pilgrimage.


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