Salargarh Archelogical Site

Kapilvastu, Uttar Pradesh

#Historical and Heritage




Excavation at Salargarh, 200 m. east of Piprahwa, revealed a monastery of Kushana period. The layout of this monastery differs from that of Piprahwa. The monastery is approached from the north through a flight of steps. A small stupa was also attached to the monastery.

The site is located 200 mts. east of Piprahwha, where a monastery of Kushan Period is excavated. The monastery is approached from the north through a flight of steps. A small stupa has also been found to the north of the monastery. The layout of the monastery is different from monastery found in Piprahwa.

Main Stupa -After the death of Lord Buddha, Shakays also received 1/8 part of Buddha relics over which they constructed a stupa. This is the main archaeological site discovered during the excavations of 1971-76.The stupa constructed by the Shakyas has been identified with the stupa at Piprahwa which was first indicated by an inscription found over a soft stone casket recovered by W.C. Peppe in 1898. Archaeological excavations at the site (1771-76) have revealed large number of terracotta seals. Location of ancient Kapilvastu, the capital of Shakya was established, through 31 terracotta seals, excavated from this site. These seals are inscribed in Brahmi characters of the 1st-2nd Century AD. One of the seal reads “Om Devaputra Vihare Kapilvastu Bhikshu Sangh” (This is the Devputra Vihar of Kapilvastu Bhikshu sangh). It could be inferred from these seals that ancient city of Kapilvastu must have been in the immediate neighbourhood of the Stupa & Monastery.

Kanishka, a great patron of Buddhism & who also had the title of Devputra, built the biggest Vihar at Kapilvastu and also renovated the main stupa. Sri Lankan temple, monastery & the Mahendra Mahavihar also lies in the vicinity of the ruins of this site. Excavations of the Stupa also yielded relic casket containing charred bones. It is believed to be of Gautam Buddha, Chinese traveler Hiuen-Tsang has also mentioned this in his travel-memo. A stone box containing relic casket of different shapes & sizes was also discovered during the closing year of last century. Also a number of structures including a public hall were constructed subsequently around the stupa, of which the most impressive was the monastery lying to the east of the stupa, which yielded the sealings with legend of Kapilvastu.