Shikharji Hill | Shikharji

Giridih, Jharkhand

#Historical and Heritage #Pilgrimage


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Shikharji, Giridih district, Jharkhand, India, is located on Parasnath hill, the highest mountain in the state of Jharkhand. It is the most important Jain Tirtha (pilgrimage site) for the Jains. believed to be the place where twenty of the twenty-four Jain tirthankaras along with many other monks attained Moksha, according to Nirvana Kanda and other texts.

Shikarji is located in an inland part of rural east India. It lies on NH-2, the Delhi-Kolkata highway in a section called the Grand Trunk road. Shikharji rises to 4,429 feet (1,350 m) making it the highest mountain in Jharkhand state.

The popularity of Shikharji as a site of pilgrimage followed that of Vulture Peak, Bihar, where it is believed the Buddhist Sariputta attained enlightenment.

Jharkhand acquired Shikharji under the Bihar Land Reforms Act, leaving the rights of Jains in doubt. Use of Shikharji as a tourist destination also impacts on the religious beliefs of the Jain.

The temple at Shikharji is a new construction with some parts dating to the eighteenth century. However, the idol itself is very old. Sanskrit inscriptions at the foot of the image date to 1678. At the base of Shikharji is a temple to Bhomiyaji (Taleti). On the walls of the Jain temple at the village of Madhuban, there is a mural painting depicting all the temples on Parasnath Hill. Temples along the track include:

  • Ganadhara
  • Kunthunatha
  • Rishabhanatha
  • Chandranatha
  • Naminatha
  • Aranatha
  • M?ll?n?tha
  • Shreyanasanatha
  • Pushpadanta
  • Padmaprabha
  • Suvichran
  • Chandraprabha
  • Adinath
  • Anantanatha
  • Shitalanatha
  • Sambhavanatha
  • Vasupujya
  • Abhinandananatha
  • Ganadhara
  • Jal Mandir
  • Dharmanatha
  • Vardhaman
  • Varishen
  • Sumatinatha
  • Shantinatha
  • Mahavira
  • Suparshvanatha
  • Vimalanatha
  • Ajitanatha
  • Neminatha
  • Parshvanatha

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